The intertwining of vocational aptitude and interest: A study among university students in Indonesia

Ufi Fatuhrahmah(1*), Dian Fithriwati Darusmin(2), Herlina Siwi Widiana(3),

(1) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(2) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(3) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(*) Corresponding Author


Vocational aptitude and interest are the fundamental factors that education and career counselors utilize to provide suggestions to clients. These concepts are often considered as separate constructs. However, aptitude and interest are interrelated and should both be considered when making career decisions. This study involved as many as 343 university students as participants. Two measurement tools were used: Employee Aptitude Survey (EAS) to measure aptitude and Self-Directed Search (SDS) Holland to measure vocational interest. The data were analyzed using canonical and Pearson product-moment correlation analysis. The findings show that there is a correlation between several types of interest and several types of aptitude. Vocational interest that has the strongest correlation with aptitude was the investigative interest, while the numerical aptitude test has the strongest correlation with interest. In the process of career decision-making, particularly for university students, both aptitude and interest must be taken into consideration, especially the investigative interest and numerical aptitude.


aptitude; EAS; interest; SDS Holland

Full Text:

Fulltext PDF


Ackerman, P. L., & Beier, M. E. (2003). Intelligence, personality, and interests in the career choice process. Journal of Career Assessment, 11(2), 205–218.

Ackerman, P. L., & Heggestad, E. D. (1997). Intelligence, personality, and interests: Evidence for overlapping traits. Psychological Bulletin, 121(2), 219–245.

Armstrong, P. I., Su, R., & Rounds, J. (2013). Vocational interests. In The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences (Issue January 2011, pp. 608–631). Wiley-Blackwell.

Arulmani, G. (2014). Handbook of career development. In G. Arulmani, A. J. Bakshi, F. T. L. Leong, & A. G. Watts (Eds.), International and cultural psychology, Handbook of career development : International perspective. Springer New York.

Ashton, M. C. (2018). Vocational interests. In Individual Differences and Personality (Issue 2006, pp. 283–301). Elsevier.

Carson, A. D. (1996). Aptitudes across Holland’s types: Implications for school-based counsellors. McGill Journal of Education, 31(3), 319–332.

Carson, A. D. (1998a). The integration of interests, aptitudes, and personality traits: A test of Lowman’s Matrix. Journal of Career Assessment, 6(1), 83–105.

Carson, A. D. (1998b). The relation of self-reported abilities to aptitude test scores: A replication and extension. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 53(3), 353–371.

Cubico, S., Bortolani, E., Favretto, G., & Sartori, R. (2010). Describing the entrepreneurial profile: the entrepreneurial aptitude test (TAI). International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 11(4), 424.

Darcy, M., & Tracey, T. J. G. (2003). Integrating abilities and interests in career choice: Maximal versus typical assessment. Journal of Career Assessment, 11(2), 219–237.

Domino, G., & Domino, M. L. (2006). Psychological testing an introduction. Cambridge University Press.

Farrukh, M., Alzubi, Y., Shahzad, I. A., Waheed, A., & Kanwal, N. (2018). Entrepreneurial intentions. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 12(3), 399–414.

Foutch, H., McHugh, E. R., Bertoch, S. C., & Reardon, R. C. (2014). Creating and using a database on Holland’s theory and practical tools. Journal of Career Assessment, 22(1), 188–202.

Handarini, D. M. (2019). Kontribusi faktor-faktor non-kognitif pada prestasi belajar siswa sekolah menengah pertama. Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research, 1(2), 62.

Holland, J. L. (1985). Making vocational choices : A theory of vocational personalities and work environment. Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Kennelly, E., Sargent, A., & Reardon, R. (2018). RIASEC Literature from 1953-2016: Bibliographic references to Holland’s theory, research, and applications (Technical report No. 58). In Career.Fsu.Edu (Vol. 1, Issue 58).

Kerr, S. P., Kerr, W. R., & Xu, T. (2018). Personality traits of entrepreneurs: A review of recent literature. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 14(3), 279–356.

Klein, C. (2009). What Do we know about interpersonal skills? A meta-analytic examination of antecedents, outcomes, and the efficacy of training [University of Central Florida].

Komarraju, M., Ramsey, A., & Rinella, V. (2013). Cognitive and non-cognitive predictors of college readiness and performance: Role of academic discipline. Learning and Individual Differences, 24, 103–109.

Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (1994). Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 45(1), 79–122.

Leong, F. T. L. (2008). Encyclopedia of counseling. SAGE Publications Inc.

Lowman, R. L. (1993). The inter-domain model of career assessment and counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development, 71(5), 549–554.

Ludwikowski, W. M. A. (2014). Ability assessment and vocational outcomes: the impact of utilizing an ability measure in predicting choice, aspirations, and satisfaction [Iowa State University].

Metz, A. J., & Jones, J. E. (2013). Ability and aptitude assessment in career counseling. In S. D. Brown & R. W. Lent (Eds.), Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work (pp. 449–476). Wiley Online Library.

Obschonka, M., Moeller, J., & Goethner, M. (2019). Entrepreneurial passion and personality: The case of academic entrepreneurship. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JAN), 1–15.

Pässler, K., Beinicke, A., & Hell, B. (2015). Interests and intelligence: A meta-analysis. Intelligence, 50, 30–51.

Randahl, G. J. (1991). A typological analysis of the relations between measured vocational interests and abilities. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 38(3), 333–350.

Silvia, P. J. (2006). Exploring the psychology of interest. Oxford University Press.

Stevens, J. P. (2009). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (5th ed.). Routledge.

Thompson, B. (1984). Canonical correlation analysis: Uses and interpretation. Sage.

Thompson, B. (2015). Canonical correlation analysis. In B. S. Everitt & D. C. Howell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science (Vol. 1, pp. 265–304). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Widiana, H. S. (2008). Adaptasi tes employee aptitude survey (EAS). Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Widiana, H. S. (2012). Validitas kriteria subtes EAS 4 ketelitian dan kecepatan visual. Humanitas Indonesian Psychological Journal, 6(2), 170–181.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 14241 times
Fulltext PDF - 226 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Our Journal indexed by:

Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research
ISSN: 2622-5506

Creative Commons License
Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Based on a work at


PETiER Stats